Lipoproteins transport cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. Lipoprotein(a) which is also known as Lp(a) is a risk factor for heart disease especially when LDL cholesterol is also raised. Lp(a) can accelerate the development of plaques forming in the arteries, which narrow and harden the arteries. The concentration of Lp(a) within the blood is genetically determined and will remain fairly constant in an individual over their lifetime.
What might a high result mean?
High levels of Lp(a) are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, including early heart disease, heart attack and stroke. Lp(a) levels may be raised in people with a family history of heart disease.