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Islet Cell Antibodies


Type 1 diabetes is a condition caused by a lack of insulin due to autoimmune processes destroying the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. In contrast, type 2 diabetes primarily results from the body's resistance to the effects of insulin (insulin resistance) and does not involve autoimmune processes. Islet cell antibodies are diabetes-related autoantibodies produced by the immune system associated with type 1 diabetes.

What might a low result mean?

If no diabetes-related autoantibodies are present, then it is unlikely that the diabetes is type 1.

What might a high result mean?

The presence of islet cell antibodies increases the likelihood of developing type 1 diabetes.