Islet Cell Antibodies
Type 1 diabetes is a condition caused by a lack of insulin due to autoimmune processes destroying the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. In contrast, type 2 diabetes primarily results from the body's resistance to the effects of insulin (insulin resistance) and does not involve autoimmune processes. Islet cell antibodies are diabetes-related autoantibodies produced by the immune system associated with type 1 diabetes.
What might a low result mean?
If no diabetes-related autoantibodies are present, then it is unlikely that the diabetes is type 1.
What might a high result mean?
The presence of islet cell antibodies increases the likelihood of developing type 1 diabetes.