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Cadmium is a heavy metal used in industry, in particular in paint pigments, coatings and batteries. Its use over the years has declined due to discoveries that it is toxic to the human body. Those at highest risk of exposure include those who work with cadmium-containing paints, and also smokers of tobacco.

What might a high result mean?

Exposure to cadmium can be very dangerous. It is toxic to the kidneys and can cause them to stop functioning properly. Additionally, breathing cadmium fumes in can cause lung diseases such as pneumonitis, whilst also destroying the lining of the nasal passages.